A group of cute chicks
These chicks were born form egg shells, so cute.
Feeding chicken.
Many chickens are eating food.
poultry farming.
These chicken so beautiful, how did they do it?

What do you need to pay attention to when raising chicken?

Now more and more people choose to raise chickens in poultry farming equipment, and think that raising chickens has great development, but what do you need to pay attention to when raising chickens?


First, blind introduction. The figure is cheap and ignores the quality of the chicks or simply pursues fashion. It does not consider the natural conditions of the region and its own breeding conditions, blindly pursuing new varieties and varieties. Some breed chickens in different batches, and some even buy chicks from infected areas, which brings difficulties to feeding management, and creates conditions for cross-infection of pathogens and induction of metabolic diseases.

Second, the addition of materials to work. The feed powder contains more nutrients such as amino acids, multivitamins and trace elements, while chickens have the habit of eating large grains. If the feed is too much, the chickens eat a large amount of large feed, resulting in an imbalance of nutrient intake. It affects the growth and production of chickens.

Third, suddenly refueling. When the feed needs to be replaced due to factors such as the growth stage of the chicken, the market price, etc., the feed is suddenly changed without a transition, which may cause the chicken's stress reaction, and some may even cause death.

Fourth, blind medication. Some chicken farmers and chicken farms do not add blind drugs when they are sick. Because the drugs are not symptomatic, they not only delay the disease, but also cause waste and increase the cost of raising chickens.

Fifth. When there are individual diseased chickens in the flock, they only pay attention to treatment, neglect isolation and prevention, and create conditions for the spread and epidemic of the disease.

Sixth, scorn disinfection. Individual chicken farms and chicken farmers cannot correctly understand the importance of disinfection, and only one-sided pursuit of reducing the cost of breeding, ignoring the disinfection work, leaving hidden dangers to the outbreak of the disease.

Seven, neglect to eliminate. Excessively value the survival rate. On the one hand, the weak chickens in the reserve flocks and the chickens with disabilities are not allowed to be eliminated. On the other hand, the old-age low-yielding hens are neglected, and the ratio of input to output is not paid attention to, which affects the overall economic benefits.


How to disinfect the broiler house?

When carrying out broiler breeding work, no matter whether the broiler chickens we raised are sick or not, the pathogens will remain in the chicken house and the next batch of chickens will be contaminated. Therefore, we must carry out the empty chicken houses when carrying out the next batch of broiler breeding work. Thorough disinfection work makes the new batch of chickens only have a clean and hygienic living environment, so as to prevent the spread of various diseases. Here are some specific measures for the farmers to disinfect the broiler houses.

1. Clean the house

The house must be thoroughly cleaned and cleaned up quickly. The feeding equipment in the chicken house can be moved outside the house, and the chicken manure, feathers, coal ash and other pollutants in the chicken house can be thoroughly cleaned, and the roof, doors, windows and walls should be cleaned, so that there is no dust inside the house. The broiler cage manufacturers reminds the farmers here that when we carry out normal broiler farming, we also need to regularly clean and disinfect the environmental sanitation work in the chicken house.

2. Cleaning the house

The house should be thoroughly cleaned, and the floor, walls, doors and windows should be cleaned. The utensils and equipment in the house should be washed with disinfectant and then washed with water. There is no water on the ground of the chicken house, especially the dust on the roof of the chicken house. It should be cleaned from top to bottom. After the equipment and the ground are dry, it can be disinfected.

3. Overhaul work

For the equipment in the chicken house to be inspected, the equipment can at least ensure that a batch of equipment is needed, and the equipment that needs to be improved should be replaced in time, and the damaged bulbs should be completely replaced. It is best to use energy-saving light bulbs.

4. Governance environment

The environment outside the house is equally important. It is necessary to remove the debris from the outside drainage and remove the weeds around the house. Draining is usually done without affecting ventilation.
5. Chicken house disinfection

The disinfection of the house should be closed, airtight, spray disinfected, ventilated after 10 hours of disinfection, and the ventilation should be kept closed for 3-4 hours. All roof walls and net beds on the house should be disinfected with high-efficiency, non-corrosive disinfectants.

6. Fumigation

Close doors and windows and vents to check if the temperature and humidity meet the requirements. Solid formaldehyde and potassium permanganate fumigation are preferred. During the empty house disinfection, no one or animal enters the chicken cage. After fumigation, open the doors, windows and vents 24-36 hours, and fully ventilate.


Cage layer healthy breeding technology

The main features of caged laying hens

1. Easy to manage

At present, most of the laying hen farms have a large scale, and the number of laying hens has a certain scale, and the caged way helps to manage. Farmers can place a large number of laying hens in cages for feeding, which is convenient for sanitation and also helps daily management.

2. The health status of the laying hen is better.

In the process of laying hens, the caged method can help the hens to receive timely treatment when they are sick, and the way of cages can make the treatment difficult to a large extent. Therefore, adopting a caged approach helps to ensure the health of the laying hen.

3. Feeding is more convenient
The way in which the laying hens are caged can, to a certain extent, reduce the workload of the farmers so that they can be raised collectively. In addition, the scientific feeding mechanism is beneficial to the operation.



4. Helps preserve eggs

One of the biggest advantages of using layer battery cages is that the design of the cages is highly specialized. After the laying hens lay eggs, the eggs will automatically roll out of the chicken cages, and the eggs that enter the chicken cages can be collected in time to prevent them from being broken.

5. Lighting equipment

Lighting equipment is mainly the light automatic controller can turn on and off the lights on time. At present, China has produced a chicken house light controller. The electronic display light controller is better. The characteristics are as follows: (1) The switching time can be set arbitrarily and the timing is accurate. (2) The light intensity can be adjusted, and the daylight intensity is insufficient during the illumination time, and the supplementary illumination system is automatically activated. (3) The light is getting brighter and darker. (4) The power outage procedure is not disordered.

6. Ventilation equipment

The function of the ventilation device is to discharge the dirty air, moisture and excess heat in the house, while replenishing fresh air. Nowadays, the general house ventilation is a large-diameter, low-speed axial fan.

7. Water curtain fan cooling system

The main function of the water curtain fan cooling system is that the summer air enters the house through the water curtain, which can reduce the temperature of the air entering the house and reduce the temperature. The water curtain fan cooling system consists of a paper corrugated porous water curtain, a water curtain cooling fan, a water circulation system and a control device. In summer, the air enters the house through the water curtain to reduce the temperature inside the house by 5 to 8 °C.


Method of reducing the temperature of the house

In the summer, raise the chicken to pay attention to the temperature change in poultry cage equipment. When the temperature is too high, pay attention to how to change the temperature of the house.

1, water spray cooling

When the temperature exceeds 32 °C, cold water can be sprayed on the top of the chicken house with a high-pressure rotary atomizer, and the chicken body can be cooled by cold water spray, generally reducing the temperature by 5 to 6 °C.

2, set the insulation layer

Insulation layer is set on the roof of the laying house, the roof frame can be suspended to prevent sun exposure; the bungalow can be covered with a wet grass mat on the roof for heat insulation.

3, ventilation and cooling

The enclosed chicken house can be equipped with a fan or a ceiling fan to enhance ventilation and ventilation, and promote heat dissipation of the chicken body. Longitudinal ventilation can obtain better ventilation and ventilation effect than horizontal ventilation, and is an effective means to slow down heat stress. The wind speed in summer is 1 ~ 1. 2 m / s is appropriate. Longitudinal ventilation combined with wet curtain cooling to prevent heat stress is better. The open house can open all doors and windows to promote air circulation. The best way to relieve heat stress in laying hens is to spray water to lower the body temperature of the chicken.

4, set up a pergola

Some fast-growing broad-leaved trees are planned to be planted around the chicken house. It is also possible to set up awnings on the outside of the chicken house, planting vines, grapes and other creeping plants to protect the summer.

5, painted white paint

Use white paint or 60% lime milk to whiten the walls and top of the house to the sun, which can effectively reduce the temperature of the house.


How to reduce feed waste during chicken raising?

In addition to poultry farming equipment, the biggest production cost of chicken farms is the cost of feed, which accounts for about two-thirds of the total expenditure. According to statistics, in poorly managed and ineffective chicken farms, feed waste can account for 3% to 8% of annual feed consumption. Therefore, reducing feed waste is an important measure to increase the efficiency of chicken farms.

1. Maintain a suitable ambient temperature. When building a chicken house, pay attention to the insulation performance of the chicken house. It is ideal to keep the temperature of the house at 8 °C ~ 24 °C. In the cold winter, when the temperature drops below 5 °C, warmth measures should be taken to reduce the unnecessary waste of feed caused by cold stress. Production practice shows that for every 3 °C reduction in ambient temperature, the consumption will increase by about 5g, which is used to maintain body temperature and lay eggs. In the winter, effective measures are taken to reduce the temperature difference in the house. The front end of the longitudinally ventilated house is significantly larger than the chicken in the middle and rear end.

2. Develop a reasonable lighting system. The illumination time is too long, more than 16h or the light intensity is too large. If it exceeds 20lx, the feed consumption will increase and the feed compensation will decrease. In the cold winter night, the light consumption is prolonged, and the feed consumption is obviously increased. In this season, the lights should be turned on in the early morning to make up for the lack of light, and the lights can be turned off in advance at night.

3. Eliminate inferior chickens in time. Including weak chickens, sick chickens, discontinued chickens, low-yielding chickens, and scorpion chickens. These chickens not only waste feed, but also affect the health of the entire flock. If you find more pheasants, check the calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D3 content in the diet and the mixing of the feed.

4. Strengthen feed management. Prevent raw materials and finished products from rain, moisture, mildew, sun exposure, and expiration. Large chicken houses equipped with feed storage tanks should clean the tank walls in time to prevent the moisture from sticking to the tank wall, causing mildew, causing direct waste of feed and poisoning of chickens.

5. Eliminate the mouse. Chicken farms are extremely vulnerable to rodents due to their suitable environment and adequate food. The health hazards of rats and chickens are very alarming. According to foreign sources, a 250g rat can eat food equivalent to his own weight every day. Rats always pick fresh and good ingredients, and also urinate and defecate in the feed, causing pollution. Rats not only spread diseases, bite appliances, but also steal large amounts of feed. Many chicken farms account for 1% to 2% of the total feed, and the number is staggering.

6. Correctly break the time. Broken mites can not only prevent the occurrence of cockroaches, but also prevent chickens from grazing feed, effectively reducing feed waste, and saving 3% to 5% of feed through proper smashing. Chicks that have been cut off at 1 day of age must be supplemented with sputum 1 or 2 times during the breeding and laying stages to ensure the effect of smashing.


How to manage free-range chicken

The advantage of raising free-range chickens is that the free-range chickens grow slowly, the range of activities is large, the meat quality and egg taste are better, the market demand is getting bigger and bigger, and the number and quantity of artificial feeding are reduced, and the feed cost is reduced, but How should the free-range chickens be managed?


1, The first is the choice of address, try to choose the area with a flat mountainside, convenient drainage, the area that the sun can shine as a chicken house. Sunlight has a good bactericidal effect and can reduce the occurrence of many bacterial diseases. Where the rainy season is relatively long, it is necessary to pay attention to the waterproofing of the house, deepen the drainage ditch or adopt the net in the chicken house to reduce the rest of the flocks at night on the wet ground, and the incidence rate increases. If the night is wet and cold, the situation of getting together and dying will occur, and it will not be worth the candle.

2,Water is an indispensable factor in the process of raising chickens. The water source must be clean. Otherwise it will cause intestinal problems in the chicken.

3, Choose a good location, build a site, choose the site, to facilitate the entry of feed also need to pay attention to the common diseases of the free-range chicken at various stages, to prevent and control, in order to improve the survival rate.

4, Chicken disease is also an inevitable factor, such as chicken cold catch, chicken poultry equipment for sale insulation is not good, weather changes and cooling, etc., will lead to a cold in the free-range chicken.


The weather is cooled. Pay attention to the wind around the house to keep warm. During the day, the cover can be uncovered and the house can be ventilated. Block at night to prevent cold. In the evening, the temperature of the house is too low, it can be cut off, the space can be reduced to maintain the heat, or the heating method can be used to give the sick chicken a relatively comfortable environment, which helps the chicken disease to recover and reduces the death of trampling at night.


Development trend of caged layer chicken breeding technology

1. Analysis and research on the breeding of resistant breeds of laying hens

Breeding and improving the breeds of laying hens in order to achieve a better adaptation to the cage-fed method, so that the cultured varieties can be matched with the breeding methods. Based on the following two theories, one is the theory of quantitative genetics, the other is the theory of molecular genetics, combined with the most advanced biotechnology in China, and then breeds to breed high-inherited hybrid matching lines.
2. Research on the development of healthy breeding techniques for laying hens

The feeding mode of laying hens was studied to explore the effects on various aspects of laying hens, such as the production performance of laying hens and the quality of laying hens. Explore the characteristics of different chicken species and develop breeding techniques that are compatible with them. Explore the cultivation methods of cage laying hens in different climatic regions and develop their supporting equipment. Research and development of environmentally friendly mobile chicken houses.

3. Analysis and research on micro-environment monitoring of laying hens

Reform the environment of chicken house breeding and implement a digital monitoring system. Research on the intelligent control technology of the chicken house environment and establish a remote video monitoring and early warning system. Develop a chicken house cooling facility for farmers.



4. Analysis and research on feed feeding technology of laying hens

The feeding behavior of laying hens was studied to understand the feeding behavior characteristics of laying hens. The feeding mode of laying hens was analyzed and analyzed. According to the development and changes of the times, computer technology was gradually applied to feed the laying hens.

5. Analysis and research on disease control technology of laying hens

In order to carry out in-depth research on the epidemic prevention technology of laying hen farms, it is necessary to improve the immunity of laying hens from the following aspects: the first is to conduct research on molecules and cells, and the second is to analyze from the dose-effect relationship. Research on these aspects to improve the cell structure stability of laying hens. In the production process of laying hens, Salmonella infections are often encountered. In the future cage laying culture techniques, technical research to avoid contamination of laying hens should be strengthened.

6. Analysis and research on control technology for cleaner production

In the development trend of using layer chicken cages for breeding, the rapid detection technology of the manure source and organic pollutants in the house will be gradually analyzed. Analyze and study the prevention and control technologies that may cause harmful gases in cage laying hens, and create a good environment for cage laying hens to better realize the clean production of cage laying hens.


How does egg laying raise the egg production rate?

Although there are more and more farmers using fully automatic poultry farming equipment, the most important concern for laying hens is the amount of eggs laid. The key to increasing egg production is to extend the peak of laying of hens, because most of the eggs produced in a single egg come from this peak period. The longer this period, the total number of eggs laid. The higher. What should be done specifically to make this peak period as prolonged as possible?


1. Choose the right variety

After so many years of development, there have been many varieties of chickens. Even if the scope is reduced to laying hens, there are many varieties for farmers to choose. Different breeds have different egg production performance. Generally speaking, some newly-bred laying hens are more suitable for everyone to choose. After all, when they are cultivated, they are going to produce more eggs in this direction. In addition to the variety to be selected, specific to the individual chickens themselves, it is also necessary to make appropriate selections. Even for improved varieties, there will be great differences between individuals. Generally speaking, chickens with strong egg production have the following These characteristics: First, the body is strong and well-proportioned; Second, the characteristics of the hen are prominent; Third, it is more active and has a strong feeding ability; Fourth, the eyes are large and have God. It is recommended that when you choose a laying hen, you should select it according to this characteristic, so as to ensure sufficient peak production period.



2. Prepare the feed

In order for the chicken to lay more eggs, the feed must be good. For the chickens that are laying eggs, in order to breed more eggs, it is necessary to increase the proportion of protein in the feed, which is very different from the fattening chicken. Regarding the feed supply of laying hens, it is generally recommended to formulate according to the following ratio: 55 percent corn, 15 percent soybean meal, 17 percent wheat bran, 6 percent Five sorghum and eight percent of fishmeal. In addition, in order to facilitate the formation of eggshells, it is necessary to add two percent of shell powder and 1.2 percent of bone powder. If these two items are not added, the chicken may have a soft shell egg. In addition, in order to ensure the body of the laying hen, it is necessary to add an appropriate amount of salt and multi-dimensional components. Only when properly fed can the maximum peak of egg production be maximized.


3. Do a good job of disease prevention

When raising laying hens, the most headache is the occurrence of diseases. Once this happens, the egg production will be less, and it is very likely that the chickens will die in large numbers, causing great losses. Therefore, when breeding laying hens, we must do a good job of disease prevention and control. In addition to timely anti-epidemic at all stages of chicken growth, we should also pay attention to the disinfection of the house, only to control the pathogens. Only in this way can the laying of chickens be protected from disease. As a result, the chicken can remain healthy all the time, which is very beneficial for extending its peak egg production period.


Factors of Chicken Illness

It is inevitable that chickens are sick in chicken battery cages, so what are the factors that cause chicken disease?

1, Poor feeding: nutritional imbalanced feed, lack of one or more ingredients, improper feeding methods will make chicken susceptible to disease. For example, the uneven mixing of vitamin additives may cause some chickens to eat too
much, and the chickens with weak constitution can not eat or eat insufficient feed, which makes the chickens evenly poor and easy to get sick; the feed is too fine, and the chicken has poor palatability.

2, Nutritional deficiency in the diet: Insufficient vitamin A in the diet reduces the chicken's resistance to various respiratory diseases and resistance; the vitamin D in the feed is insufficient, the chicken is susceptible to rickets;
the methionine deficiency in the laying hen diet, the egg production rate Not high and easy to lick eggs.

3, Stress factors: a variety of stress factors, such as sudden shifts, changes in feed, large temperature difference in the house, parasites, heat stress, etc., can increase metabolic stress in chickens, will certainly cause disease

4, Poor ventilation: due to poor ventilation of the sultry house, the chicken is prone to respiratory diseases. Poor ventilation in the hot season causes heatstroke and heat stress in chickens; poor ventilation in the house, increased
ammonia and carbon dioxide concentrations in the house, which seriously affects the performance of the chicken. It is often important to provide ventilation properly.

5, Crowded: chicken overcrowding is easy to induce respiratory infections, severe worms, chicken mites, will cause chicken litter wet, moldy, air sultry, promote the spread of chicken disease.

6. Parasites: Chicken parasites such as mites and mites affect chicken health and reduce resistance to disease. When using barely qualified diets, they can cause chicken nutritional deficiencies. The ectoparasites cause irritation,
resulting in insufficient rest and reduced disease resistance, and they also cause pathogenic microorganisms.

7, The chicken house is not clean: This is an important factor that easily causes chicken coccidia, decreased egg production and many other diseases. Despise the chicken house disinfection, the chicken house is not disinfected for a long
time, the disinfection is not thorough, not comprehensive, often use a disinfectant, to varying degrees, causing viruses, bacteria, parasites to parasitize in the chicken house, causing chicken disease or infectious diseases.


Raising management techniques for chicks

Chicks generally refer to chickens that were born less than 50 days old. Chicks have young bodies, incomplete development of body functions, sensitive nervous system, high sensitivity to external changes, incomplete intestinal development, and poor resistance, but chicks are characterized by strong metabolism and rapid growth. The objective factors such as the environment in which the chicks live and the equipment of the feed have a great influence on the growth and development of the chicks. In the actual production environment, the breeder should adopt appropriate breeding management techniques for the characteristics of the chicks to provide a good environment for the healthy growth of the chicks.



1. Selection of chick breeding grounds

The growth and development of chicks is closely related to their living environment. Therefore, the selection of breeding sites is crucial. Whether the chicks can grow healthily and vigorously, the advantages and disadvantages of the breeding ground play a vital role. The breeding ground should be chosen in a sunny place to ensure that the chicks can get to the sun and disinfect the body of the chicks. On the other hand, breeding grounds should not be chosen where the wind is too strong, otherwise the chicks are susceptible to disease. The breeding ground should also have the requirements of quietness, comfort and sanitation. In addition, in the chicken raising cages of the chicken, there should be an activity room to ensure that the chicks can move normally and have enough space for exercise.


2. Selection of chicks

Choosing healthy chicks by appropriate means before breeding the chicks is undoubtedly one of the effective ways to increase chick breeding rates. In general, healthy chicks are rich in feathers, soft, with eyes and strong limbs. In the selection process of the chicks, the breeder should first observe the mental state of the chicks to see if they are lively and active; on the other hand, the breeder can also judge the physical condition of the chicks through the body temperature of the chicks: healthy chicks have normal body temperature and soft belly The meat is elastic; unhealthy chicks tend to have a poor mental state, a sluggish look and a weak body. Breeders should choose healthy chicks for the above characteristics.

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